Colorado Springs, Coloado is the largest city by area in the State of Colorado as well as the county seat and the most populous city of El Paso County, Colorado, United States. It is in east central Colorado, on Fountain Creek, 60 miles south of the state capital of Denver.

The city stands over 1 mile above sea level, though there are significant variations in elevation within the city limits. The Springs is near the base of Pikes Peak, which rises 14,115 feet above sea level on the eastern edge of the southern Rockies.

Pikes Peak is named after American explorer Zebulon Pike, whose second expedition sighted and attempted to climb the peak in November 1806 (the peak formed part of the western boundary of the recent acquisition of the Louisiana Purchase, which included modern eastern Colorado). The expedition turned back in waist-deep snow before reaching the summit, after going days without food.

Old Colorado City, which is now a neighborhood within the Springs, was built in the late 1850s during the Pike’s Peak Gold Rush and was briefly the capital of Colorado Territory before that capital was moved to Golden and then Denver. “Pike’s Peak or Bust” was a popular motto among prospective miners headed west during the Rush, even though the actual mining was almost a hundred miles north of Pikes Peak.

The United States Air Force Academy opened just north of Colorado Springs in 1958. The city is home to several prominent sports organizations including the United States Olympic Committee, the United States Olympic Training Center, and USA Hockey.

Colorado Springs has an estimated population of close to half a million, and a metro population of approximately 750,000, making it Colorado’s second most populous city behind Denver. The city is in the Front Range Urban Corridor, a stretch of urban population along the Front Range of the Rockies in Colorado and Wyoming that generally follows I-25.

The Springs covers nearly 200 square miles, making it the largest city terms of land area in Colorado.

In 2018, US News named the Springs the most desirable place to live in the United States. The Brookings Instituion also found that Colorado Springs was the fastest-growing city for millennials. Thumbtack’s annual Small Business Friendliness Survey found Colorado Springs to be the fourth most business-friendly city in the country.

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