Learn The Basic English Grammar Rules For Learning The Language

English grammar is the means by which meanings are encoded into wordings of the English language (this section will focus on Standard Modern English). These wordings include the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and entire texts.

Modern English has largely abandoned the inflectional case system of Indo-European in favor of analytic constructions using word order (in other words, English tends to favor a phrase like “the dog chases the ball” which conveys analytically the fact that the dog is acting on the ball). English and other analytic languages rely more heavily on the use of definite (“the”) and indefinite (“a” and “an”) articles, strict word order, prepositions, postpositions, particles, modifiers, and context.

Eight “word classes” or “parts of speech” are commonly distinguished in English (nouns form the largest word class, and verbs the second-largest):

Unlike nouns in almost all other Indo-European languages, English nouns do not have grammatical gender. The personal pronouns in English (I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, and them) retain morphological case (Subjective Case, Objective Case [“I” > “me] or Possessive Case [“you” > “your” or “he” > “his”]) more strongly than any other word class (a remnant of the more extensive Germanic case system of Old English). For other pronouns, and all nouns, adjectives, and articles, grammatical function is indicated only by word order, by prepositions, and by possessive -‘s (often referred to as the “English possessive” or “Saxon genitive” (in tribute to its derivation from Old English, a.k.a. Anglo-Saxon)).

Sources:

  1. https://www.eslbase.com/grammar/zero-conditional
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytic_language
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_grammar
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_possessive
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Participle

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Bill

    English Grammar page now up.

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