Pronouns (What’s An English Pronoun?)

Pronouns are a relatively small, closed class of words that function in the place of nouns or noun phrases. They include personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, relative pronouns, interrogative pronouns, and some others, mainly indefinite pronouns. Nonstandard, informal and archaic forms are below in italics. Genitive words modify other words.

  • 1st Person (Referring to one’s self or group including one’s self)
    • Singular
      • Nominative Case (as the subject)
        • I
      • Accusative Case (as the object)
        • me
      • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
        • myself
      • Independent Genitive Case
        • mine (e.g., “I got mine.”)
      • Dependent Genitive Case
        • my
        • mine (before vowel)
        • me (poor British English)
    • Plural
      • Nominative Case (as the subject)
        • we
      • Accusative Case (as the object)
        • us
      • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
        • ourselves
        • ourself
      • Independent Genitive Case
        • ours
      • Dependent Genitive Case
        • our
  • 2nd Person (Addressing another person or group)
    • Singular
      • Standard (archaic plural and later formal)
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • you
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • you
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • yourself
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • yours
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • your
      • Archaic informal
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • thou
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • thee
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • thyself
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • thine
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • thythine
    • Plural
      • Standard
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • you
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • you
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • yourselves
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • yours
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • your
      • Archaic
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • ye
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • you
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • yourselves
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • yours
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • your
      • Nonstandard
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • yeyou, ally’allyouse
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • yeyou, ally’allyouse
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • yeerselvesy’all’s (or y’alls) selves
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • yeersy’all’s (or y’alls)
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • yeery’all’s (or y’alls)
  • 3rd Person
    • Singular
      • Masculine
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • he
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • him
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • himself
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • his
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • his
      • Feminine
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • she
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • her
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • herself
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • hers
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • her
      • Neuter
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • it
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • it
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • itself
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • its
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • its
      • Epicene
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • they
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • them
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • themselves (themself)
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • theirs
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • their
    • Plural
      • Nominative Case (as the subject)
        • they
      • Accusative Case (as the object)
        • them
      • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
        • themselves
      • Independent Genitive Case
        • theirs
      • Dependent Genitive Case
        • their
  • Generic
    • Formal
      • Nominative Case (as the subject)
        • one
      • Accusative Case (as the object)
        • one
      • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
        • oneself
      • Independent Genitive Case
        • n/a
      • Dependent Genitive Case
        • one’s
    • Informal
      • Nominative Case (as the subject)
        • you
      • Accusative Case (as the object)
        • you
      • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
        • yourself
      • Independent Genitive Case
        • your
      • Dependent Genitive Case
        • your
  • Wh-
    • Relative & Interrogative
      • For persons
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • Who
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • whom (who)
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • n/a
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • whose (interrogative only)
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • whose
      • Non-personal
        • Nominative Case (as the subject)
          • what
        • Accusative Case (as the object)
          • what
        • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
          • n/a
        • Independent Genitive Case
          • n/a
        • Dependent Genitive Case
          • n/a
    • Relative only
      • Nominative Case (as the subject)
        • which
      • Accusative Case (as the object)
        • which
      • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
        • n/a
      • Independent Genitive Case
        • n/a
      • Dependent Genitive Case
        • n/a
  • Reciprocal
    • Nominative Case (as the subject)
      • n/a
    • Accusative Case (as the object)
      • each other
      • one another
    • Reflexive Case (must be coreferential with another noun)
      • n/a
    • Independent Genitive Case
      • n/a
    • Dependent Genitive Case
      • n/a

Sources:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_grammar#Pronouns

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Bill

    Pronoun page now up.

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