For a Similar State-by-State Outline of Presidential Ballot Access click here.

Colorado

In 2019, Colorado erected higher barriers to forming new political parties in the state, still allowing third party candidates to achieve official recognition for their organization from the state by petitioning onto the General Election ballot, but raising the statewide signature requirements from 1,000 total to 1,000 per each of the state’s seven Congressional Districts. Similarly, petition signature requirements for US Representative (petitioning onto the ballot as a US Representative is another road to official party recognition in Colorado) went from 800 to 1,500.

Minor political parties can still achieve more immediate recognition from Colorado by accruing 10,000 petition signatures as a party.

Florida

To be recognized as a minor party in Florida, a group consisting of more than one person must file a certificate and copies of the minor party’s constitution, bylaws, regulations, and rules with the Florida Division of Elections.

Hawaii

Those wishing to form a new political party in the State of Hawaii have to submit a petition with not less than 1/10 of 1% of the total number of registered voters in the State, which as of this writing is 756,751 voters and therefore 757 signatures.

The deadline to file the petition signatures is in February of the election year in question. To remain on the ballot for the election after that, the party must have a candidate running for any statewide or US Representative contest whose terms had expired (in other words, this doesn’t include offices which are vacant because the incumbent has died or has resigned before the end of their term).

In addition, the new party must also meet one of the following to maintain ballot access for the next election:

Received at least 10% of votes cast for one of the following contests for an expired term:

  • Any statewide contest
  • US Representative, District 1
  • US Representative, District 2

Received at least 4% of votes cast for all State Senate contests

Received at least 4% of votes cast for all State Representative contests

Received at least 2% of all the votes cast for all State Senate and State Representative contests combined statewide

However, even if the new party does not obtain any of the above vote counts, it may still continue to petition onto the ballot again each election cycle, and be granted a 10-year grace period after successfully petitioning three times in a row, assuming it continues to field candidates.

New Mexico

As of June 25th, a Minor Party may petition onto that year’s ballot with 0.5% of the last statewide Gubernatorial vote (3,483 signatures).

Texas

A new party in the State of Texas may nominate candidates either by convention or primary election, if the party’s nominee for Governor received at least 2% of the total number of votes in the last Gubernatorial election. In turn, in order to place their Gubernatorial candidate on the ballot, the party must organize precinct convention participants and submit signed petitions equal to 1% of the vote from the previous Gubernatorial election (and 1% of the 2018 Texas vote for Governor equals 83,435).

Utah

A party in Utah may gather 2,000 voter signatures by the December before the next election year to gain official recognition in time for that election, and thereafter at least one of its candidates must win at least 2% of the US House vote for the entire state (22,284 votes in the 2016 election cycle) in order for the party to maintain its status.

Sources:

  1. https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Candidates/FAQs/QPOandMinorParty.html
  2. https://ballotpedia.org/Ballot_access_requirements_for_political_parties_in_Florida#Political_parties
  3. https://elections.hawaii.gov/political-parties/qualification/
  4. https://www.sos.state.nm.us/
  5. https://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/candidates/guide/2020/starting-a-party.shtml
  6. https://elections.utah.gov/register/register-as-a-new-political-party
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