The Electoral College is the body of electors established by the US Constitution and elected by the citizens of the United States every four years for the sole purpose of, in turn, electing the President and Vice President. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors, and an absolute majority of 270 electoral votes is required to win election (i.e., if no Presidential ticket reaches the threshold of 270 electoral votes, the election is thrown to the US House, where US Representatives will choose in state blocs from among the top three Presidential contenders in the Electoral College, and the Senate, where US Senators will choose from the top two contenders for Vice President the new Vice President).

(Yes, the complexity of the above process as outlined in the 12th Amendment to the Constitution ratified in 1804 might have been a factor in the Supreme Court’s intervention in the 2000 Presidential election with its Bush v. Gore decision.)

Each state is allowed one Elector in the College for each of its United States Senators and one for each of its US House Representatives, based on the latest Census (e.g., the State of Colorado is given nine Electors based on its Congressional delegation of two Senators and seven US Representatives).

List of States by Number of Electoral College Electors as of the 2020 Election:
  1. California > 55
  2. Texas > 38
  3. Florida > 29
  4. New York > 29
  5. Illinois > 20
  6. Pennsylvania > 20
  7. Ohio > 18
  8. Georgia > 16
  9. Michigan > 16
  10. North Carolina > 15
  11. New Jersey > 14
  12. Virginia > 13
  13. Washington > 12
  14. Arizona > 11
  15. Indiana > 11
  16. Massachusetts > 11
  17. Tennessee > 11
  18. Maryland > 10
  19. Minnesota > 10
  20. Missouri > 10
  21. Wisconsin > 10
  22. Alabama > 9
  23. Colorado > 9
  24. South Carolina > 9
  25. Kentucky > 8
  26. Louisiana > 8
  27. Connecticut > 7
  28. Oklahoma > 7
  29. Oregon > 7
  30. Arkansas > 6
  31. Iowa > 6
  32. Kansas > 6
  33. Mississippi > 6
  34. Nevada > 6
  35. Utah > 6
  36. Nebraska > 5
  37. New Mexico > 5
  38. West Virginia > 5
  39. Hawaii > 4
  40. Idaho > 4
  41. Maine > 4
  42. New Hampshire > 4
  43. Rhode Island > 4
  44. Alaska > 3
  45. Delaware > 3
  46. District of Columbia > 3*
  47. Montana > 3
  48. North Dakota > 3
  49. South Dakota > 3
  50. Vermont > 3
  51. Wyoming > 3

*Per the 23rd Amendment, DC is granted three Electoral votes but not statehood

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