Associate Justice Stephen Breyer was born in San Francisco, California in 1938. He received an AB from Stanford, a BA from Magdalen College, Oxford as a Marshall Scholar, and an LLB from Harvard Law. He served as a law clerk to Justice Arthur Goldberg of the US Supreme Court during the 1964 Term, as a Special Assistant to the Assistant US Attorney General for Antitrust, 1965–1967, as an Assistant Special Prosecutor of the Watergate Special Prosecution Force, 1973, as Special Counsel of the US Senate Judiciary Committee, 1974–1975, and as Chief Counsel of the Committee, 1979–1980. He was an Assistant Professor, Professor of Law, and Lecturer at Harvard Law, 1967–1994, a Professor at the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government, 1977–1980, and a Visiting Professor at the College of Law, Sydney, Australia and at the University of Rome. From 1980–1990, he served as a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and as its Chief Judge, 1990–1994. He also served as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States, 1990–1994, and of the United States Sentencing Commission, 1985–1989. Democratic President Clinton nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and he took his seat in August of 1994.